Charles James (1906-1978) was known as America’s first couturier even though he was British born. He was a true architect of fashion, sculpting lavish gowns.
Edith Head (1897-1981) was one of Hollywood’s greatest costume designers. An Academy Award winning costume designer extraordinaire, Edith Head designed for many well-known Hollywood actors, such as Grace Kelly, Audrey Hepburn and Elizabeth Taylor.
Fashion inspiration Madeleine Vionnet (1876–1975) was one of Europe's greatest couturiers. She was best known for her sleek bias-cut gowns which she draped on her large doll. These gowns are difficult to emulate due to their intricate cut. She was also known for her very elegant Grecian style gowns.
Mariano Fortuny (1871-1949) was known for his rich and luxurious brocade and printed velvets and the finely pleated Delphos gowns.
Norman Norell (1900-1972) was the ground-breaking American designer who combined couture methods with gorgeous fabrics and minute attention to detail. He loathed darts and came up with inventive ways to avoid them.
Cristobel Balenciaga (1895-1972) was a Spanish master of haute couture and tailoring. His advanced tailoring techniques set him apart from any other designer of his time. Post-World War II, his designs were a complete contrast to the small waisted full skirts of Dior. His wide shouldered, voluminous designs without waist shaping were highly sought after. He created the Chemise dress and was known as the King of Fashion in Paris.